Creating Docker Images for Running Tensorflow on YARN

How to create docker images to run Tensorflow on YARN

Dockerfile to run Tensorflow on YARN need two part:

Base libraries which Tensorflow depends on

1) OS base image, for example ubuntu:16.04

2) Tensorflow depended libraries and packages. For example python, scipy. For GPU support, need cuda, cudnn, etc.

3) Tensorflow package.

Libraries to access HDFS

1) JDK

2) Hadoop

Here’s an example of a base image (w/o GPU support) to install Tensorflow:

FROM ubuntu:16.04

# Pick up some TF dependencies
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends \
        build-essential \
        curl \
        libfreetype6-dev \
        libpng12-dev \
        libzmq3-dev \
        pkg-config \
        python \
        python-dev \
        rsync \
        software-properties-common \
        unzip \
        && \
    apt-get clean && \
    rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*

RUN curl -O && \
    python && \

RUN pip --no-cache-dir install \
        Pillow \
        h5py \
        ipykernel \
        jupyter \
        matplotlib \
        numpy \
        pandas \
        scipy \
        sklearn \
        && \
    python -m ipykernel.kernelspec

RUN pip --no-cache-dir install \

On top of above image, add files, install packages to access HDFS

RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y openjdk-8-jdk wget
RUN wget
RUN tar zxf hadoop-3.1.0.tar.gz

Build and push to your own docker registry: Use docker build ... and docker push ... to finish this step.

Use examples to build your own Tensorflow docker images

We provided following examples for you to build tensorflow docker images.

For Tensorflow 1.8.0 (Precompiled to CUDA 9.x)

  • docker/base/ubuntu-16.04/Dockerfile.cpu.tf_1.8.0: Tensorflow 1.8.0 supports CPU only.
  • docker/with-cifar10-models/ubuntu-16.04/Dockerfile.cpu.tf_1.8.0: Tensorflow 1.8.0 supports CPU only, and included models
  • docker/base/ubuntu-16.04/Dockerfile.gpu.cuda_9.0.tf_1.8.0: Tensorflow 1.8.0 supports GPU, which is prebuilt to CUDA9.
  • docker/with-cifar10-models/ubuntu-16.04/Dockerfile.gpu.cuda_8.0.tf_1.8.0: Tensorflow 1.8.0 supports GPU, which is prebuilt to CUDA9, with models.

Build Docker images

Manually build Docker image:

Under docker/ directory, run to build Docker images. It will build following images:

  • tf-1.8.0-gpu-base:0.0.1 for base Docker image which includes Hadoop, Tensorflow, GPU base libraries.
  • tf-1.8.0-gpu-base:0.0.1 for base Docker image which includes Hadoop. Tensorflow.
  • tf-1.8.0-gpu:0.0.1 which includes cifar10 model
  • tf-1.8.0-cpu:0.0.1 which inclues cifar10 model (cpu only).

Use prebuilt images

(No liability) You can also use prebuilt images for convenience:

  • hadoopsubmarine/tf-1.8.0-gpu:0.0.1
  • hadoopsubmarine/tf-1.8.0-cpu:0.0.1