Hadoop Auth, Java HTTP SPNEGO - Examples

Accessing a Hadoop Auth protected URL Using a browser

IMPORTANT: The browser must support HTTP Kerberos SPNEGO. For example, Firefox or Internet Explorer.

For Firefox access the low level configuration page by loading the about:config page. Then go to the network.negotiate-auth.trusted-uris preference and add the hostname or the domain of the web server that is HTTP Kerberos SPNEGO protected (if using multiple domains and hostname use comma to separate them).

Accessing a Hadoop Auth protected URL Using curl

IMPORTANT: The curl version must support GSS, run curl -V.

$ curl -V
curl 7.19.7 (universal-apple-darwin10.0) libcurl/7.19.7 OpenSSL/0.9.8l zlib/1.2.3
Protocols: tftp ftp telnet dict ldap http file https ftps
Features: GSS-Negotiate IPv6 Largefile NTLM SSL libz

Login to the KDC using kinit and then use curl to fetch protected URL:

$ kinit
Please enter the password for tucu@LOCALHOST:
$ curl --negotiate -u : -b ~/cookiejar.txt -c ~/cookiejar.txt http://$(hostname -f):8080/hadoop-auth-examples/kerberos/who
Enter host password for user 'tucu':

Hello Hadoop Auth Examples!
  • The --negotiate option enables SPNEGO in curl.

  • The -u : option is required but the user ignored (the principal that has been kinit-ed is used).

  • The -b and -c are use to store and send HTTP Cookies.

Using the Java Client

Use the AuthenticatedURL class to obtain an authenticated HTTP connection:

URL url = new URL("http://localhost:8080/hadoop-auth/kerberos/who");
AuthenticatedURL.Token token = new AuthenticatedURL.Token();
HttpURLConnection conn = new AuthenticatedURL().openConnection(url, token);
conn = new AuthenticatedURL().openConnection(url, token);

Building and Running the Examples

Download Hadoop-Auth’s source code, the examples are in the src/main/examples directory.

Server Example:

Edit the hadoop-auth-examples/src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/web.xml and set the right configuration init parameters for the AuthenticationFilter definition configured for Kerberos (the right Kerberos principal and keytab file must be specified). Refer to the Configuration document for details.

Create the web application WAR file by running the mvn package command.

Deploy the WAR file in a servlet container. For example, if using Tomcat, copy the WAR file to Tomcat’s webapps/ directory.

Start the servlet container.

Accessing the server using curl

Try accessing protected resources using curl. The protected resources are:

$ kinit
Please enter the password for tucu@LOCALHOST:

$ curl http://localhost:8080/hadoop-auth-examples/anonymous/who

$ curl http://localhost:8080/hadoop-auth-examples/simple/who?user.name=foo

$ curl --negotiate -u : -b ~/cookiejar.txt -c ~/cookiejar.txt http://$(hostname -f):8080/hadoop-auth-examples/kerberos/who

Accessing the server using the Java client example

$ kinit
Please enter the password for tucu@LOCALHOST:

$ cd examples

$ mvn exec:java -Durl=http://localhost:8080/hadoop-auth-examples/kerberos/who


Token value: "u=tucu,p=tucu@LOCALHOST,t=kerberos,e=1295305313146,s=sVZ1mpSnC5TKhZQE3QLN5p2DWBo="
Status code: 200 OK

You are: user[tucu] principal[tucu@LOCALHOST]